Through recent research we know a lot about what is seriously injuring and killing Nova Scotians. The major areas of injury and death are:
- Motor Vehicle Crashes
- Suicides and Suicide attempts
We also know that these injuries and deaths are largely preventable.
The following information is taken directly from Nova Scotia's Renewed Injury Prevention Strategy (2009), created by Nova Scotia's Department of Health Promotion and Protection (page 17).
Based on review of injury deaths for the period of 2001-2007:
- On average, 425 Nova Scotians die each year as a result of injury.
- More than half of all deaths among males under age 40 were the result of injury.
- One-third of all deaths among females under age 40 were the result of injury.
- Across all ages, males accounted for 65% of injury-related deaths.
- Injury is a particular threat to youth, accounting for 67% of deaths among Nova Scotians aged 15-29 years.
- Injury killed more children aged 1-19 years than all other causes of death combined.
- Approximately one youth died from an injury each week in Nova Scotia.
- An average of 108 people each year, mostly seniors, died as a result of a fall, representing nearly 26% of all injury-related deaths. Females accounted for 57% of fall-related deaths.
- On average, 93 people died by suicide each year. Of these, 83% were male.
- On average, 80 people died each year as a result of car crashes. Males accounted for nearly 75% of these deaths.
- On average, 13 people died by homicide each year. More than three-quarters of them were male.
Based on a review of injury-related hospitalizations for the period 2001-2007:
- There were nearly 43,000 injury-related hospitalizations in Nova Scotia, an average of 17 hospitalizations per day and 6,130 per year.
- Injury consumed more than 600,000 hospital days, an average of nearly 86,000 per year. This means that on any given day, 236 of the province's hospital beds were occupied by injured Nova Scotians.
- Injury accounted for 7% of the total number of hospitalizations. These hospitalizations were evenly split among males and females.
- Falls resulted in an average of 3,317 hospitalizations each year. Females accounted for just over 61% of the total. Fall-related injuries made up 54% of the injury-related hospitalizations.
- Motor vehicle crashes contributed to an average of 636 injury-related hospitalizations each year. Males accounted for 68% of these hospitalizations. Motor vehicle crashes represent just over 10% of the total number of injury-related hospitalizations.
- Self-harm, including suicide attempts, accounted for about 9% of injury-related hospitalizations. An average of 548 self-harm-related hospitalizations occurred each year, with females accounting for 56% of the total.
- Assaults represented 4% of all injury-related hospitalizations (an average of 234 hospitalizations per year). Males accounted for nearly 85% of these hospitalizations.